Qualicum Beach
Community Health Service Area
Health Profile (Version 1.0)


Age-standardization: An age-standardized rate is a rate that would have existed if the population had the same age distribution as the selected reference population. The Community Health Service Area health profiles uses the 2011 Canadian standard population weights from the Ministry of Health as the reference population, and chronic disease incidence and prevalence rates have been age-standardized using the direct standardization method with five-year age groups.

Crude rates: These rates are not adjusted to the standard population, and represent the number of cases in a specific geographic region divided by the population/population-at-risk in that region. Crude rates are representative of the burden of disease in the population.

Incidence: The number of people newly diagnosed with a condition in a population during a specific time period is called the incidence. Incidence is often presented as a rate – the number of people who get sick over the number of people at risk of getting sick in a specified time frame.

Prevalence: The total number of people with a condition in a population during a specific time period is called the prevalence. Prevalence differs from incidence in that it includes people who have been living with the condition for many years. Prevalence is often presented as a rate – the number of people living with a condition over the total population in a specified time frame.

Primary Care Network community: A Primary Care Network (PCN) community is composed of one or more PCNs that together service a geographic region which, in turn, is defined by an amalgamation of CHSAs. A PCN consists of a network of interdisciplinary clinicians engaged in team-based practice. PCNs act as a hub to connect healthcare providers, streamline referrals, and provide better support for health practitioners. PCNs are part of the Ministry of Health's vision for a more integrated and effective primary care system in B.C.

Recent immigrant: Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant or permanent resident in Canada.[13] In the CHSA health profiles, recent immigrants are individuals who, at the time of the Canadian Census 2016 (May 10th), had immigrated to Canada within the past five years.

Refugee: Refugee are immigrants who were granted permanent resident status because they can no longer return to their home country for fear of persecution due to their race, religion, nationality, social group membership or political opinion.[13] Refugee can also refer to individuals who have been affected by civil war or armed conflict or have suffered a serious human rights violation and are resettling in Canada.


  1. BC Data Catalogue. (2020). Description of the geographic characteristics of Community Health Service Areas (CHSA). Retrieved from https://catalogue.data.gov.bc.ca/dataset/68f2f577-28a7-46b4-bca9-7e9770f2f357/resource/ad676aae-f441-4715-9ade-eafb17edbad0/download/chsa_descriptions_2018.xlsx.
  2. Statistics Canada. (2012). Household. Retrieved from https://www23.statcan.gc.ca/imdb/p3Var.pl?Function=Unit&Id=96113
  3. Robards, J., Evandrou, M., Falkingham, J., Vlachantoni, A. (2012). Marital status, health and mortality. Maturitas, 73(4), 295-299. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2012.08.007
  4. Amato, P. R., & Patterson, S. E. (2017). Single-parent households and mortality among children and youth. Social Science Research, 63, 253-262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2016.09.017
  5. Statistics Canada. (2017). Release and Concepts Overview, 2016 Census of Population: Housing. Retrieved from https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/ref/98-501/98-501-x2016007-eng.cfm
  6. Waterston, S., Grueger, B., & Samson, L. (2015). Housing need in Canada: Healthy lives start at home. Paediatrics and Child Health, 20(7), 403-407. doi: 10.1093/pch/20.7.403
  7. Statistics Canada. (2012). Dictionary, census of Population, 2016: Mobility status, five years. Retrieved from https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/ref/dict/pop172-eng.cfm
  8. Ross, N., Wasfi, R., Hermann, T., & Gleckner, W. (2019). Canadian Active Living Environments Database (Can-ALE). Retrieved from http://canue.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/CanALE_UserGuide.pdf
  9. Statistics Canada. (2019). The Canadian Index of Multiple Deprivation: User Guide. Retrieved from https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/45-20-0001/452000012019002-eng.htm
  10. Smithman, M. A., Brousselle, A., Touati, N., Boivin, A., Nour, K., Dubois, C.,…& Breton, M. (2018). Area deprivation and attachment to a general practitioner through centralized waiting lists: a cross-sectional study in Quebec, Canada. International Journal for Equity in Health, 17(176). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-018-0887-9
  11. Schers, H., van den Hoogen, H., Bor, H., Grol R., & van den Bosch, W. (2005). Familiarity With a GP and Patients’ Evaluations of Care. A Cross-Sectional Study. Family Practice, 22(1), 15-19. doi: 10.1093/fampra/cmh721
  12. World Health Organization. (2018). Diabetes. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/diabetes
  13. World Health Organization. (n.d.). Metrics: Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY). Retrieved from https://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/metrics_daly/en/
  14. Statistics Canada. (2017). Release and Concepts Overview, 2016 Census of Population: Immigration and ethnocultural diversity. Retrieved from https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/ref/98501/98-501-x2016008-eng.cfm

Data Sources

BC Cancer. (2020). Cancer Data, 2015-2017.

B.C. Ministry of Health. (2018). Chronic Disease Registry, 2017/18.

B.C. Ministry of Health. (2019). Attachment to GP Data, 2018/19.

McGill University. (2019). Canadian Active Living Environments, 2016. Retrieved from https:// nancyrossresearchgroup.ca.

Statistics Canada. (2018). 2016 Census of Population. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X201001.

Statistics Canada. (2019). Canadian Index of Multiple Deprivation, 2016. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 4520-0001.


The Community Health Services Area (CHSA) Health Profiles were developed by the BC Centre for Disease Control, Provincial Health Services Authority, in support of the development of primary care networks (PCNs) and community-level healthy living strategies across B.C. The B.C. Ministry of Health’s primary prevention strategy recognizes the importance of local interests in supporting the creation of environments that promote healthy living.

These profiles will help inform primary care network partners, public health partners, local governments and community organizations on the health and well-being of their communities. As such, the profiles will continue to be updated as data and resources become available to address the changing needs of the communities. Thank you to all of our partners who have contributed to the development of these profiles.