'Aboriginal' includes persons who reported being an Aboriginal person - that is, First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit), and/or those who reported Registered or Treaty Indian status registered under the Indian Act of Canada, and/or those who reported membership in a First Nation or Indian band.
Age-standardization: Age-standardized rate are rates that would have existed if the population had the same age distribution as the selected reference population. The BC Community Health Profiles use the 1991 Census of Canada estimates as the reference population, and chronic disease incidence and prevalence rates have been age-standardized using the direct standardization method with five-year age groups.
The Census of Canada reports eight different Chinese languages. If respondents do not specify which Chinese language they speak, the language is recorded as ‘Chinese, other’.
Chronic diseases, also known as non-communicable diseases, are diseases that are persistent and generally slow in progression, which can be treated but not cured. Chronic diseases often have common risk factors, such as tobacco use, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity. Societal, economic, and physical conditions influence and shape these behaviours and affect chronic disease rates in communities. Note: the information presented in the profiles on chronic diseases shows the number of people who have been newly diagnosed. Because these figures are based on diagnosis they do not capture those individuals how have not sought medical help.
Deaths due to drug-induced causes. This category of deaths excludes unintentional injuries, homicides, and other causes that could be indirectly related to drug use. Deaths directly due to alcohol are also excluded.
The number of people newly diagnosed with a disease in a population during a specific time period is called the incidence. Incidence is often presented as a rate – the number of people who get sick per 1,000 people.
Infant mortality rate:
Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths among children less than one year of age per 1,000 live births.
Acute care hospitalization due to the first occurrence of injury resulting from the transfer of energy (excluding poisoning and other non-traumatic injuries). Poisoning, adverse effects of drugs/medicine, choking, late effects and several other conditions are excluded. Newborns are also excluded.
'Immigrant' refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant or permanent resident in Canada. In the BC Community Health Profiles 'new immigrants' are individuals who, at the time of the National Household Survey (2011), had immigrated to Canada within the past five years (2006 to 2011).
The School Satisfaction Survey reports physical activity differently for younger students than older students to reflect the different requirements outlined in the Ministry of Education's Daily Physical Activity initiative. Students in grades 3/4 and 7 are physically active if they exercised or participated in physical activity in school for at least 30 minutes every day for the last five school days. Students in grade 10 and 12 are physically active if they exercised or participated in physical activity for more than 150 minutes in the past seven days.
The total number of people with a disease in a population during a specific time period is called the prevalence. Prevalence differs from incidence in that it includes people who have been living with the disease for many years. (Incidence only includes people newly diagnosed with a disease in a given time period.) Prevalence is often presented as a rate - the number of people living with a disease per 100 people.
Smoking-attributable deaths: Since death certifications lack complete and reliable data on smoking, estimation techniques are used to approximate the extent of smoking-attributable deaths. Smoking-attributable deaths are derived by multiplying a smoking-attributable mortality percentage by the number of deaths aged 35+ in specified cause of death categories. These categories are comprised of selected malignant neoplasms, circulatory system diseases, and respiratory system diseases.
Standard alcoholic drink:
A standard drink is a unit that is used to measure alcohol intake. In Canada, a standard drink is any drink that contains 13.6 grams of pure alcohol or the equivalent of 0.6 ounces of 100% alcohol. (E.g., one 12-ounce can of beer, containing 5% alcohol; one 5-ounce glass of wine, containing 12% alcohol; one and a half-ounce liquor or spirits, containing 40% alcohol.)
Supplementary practitioners: Practitioners who provide services insured through the MSP Supplementary Benefits program or the Midwifery program and who are approved for licensure by their respective Colleges/Associations.
Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'